Antidote 10 User Guide

User Guide / The Dictionaries / Dictionary of Synonyms

Dictionary of Synonyms

Antidote’s dictionary of synonyms is a treasure trove, overflowing with 1.5 million synonyms, including expressions like scarf down and dead to the world. It also lists more than 40,000 hyponyms (words more specific than the head word) and hyperonyms (words less specific than the headword).

Main meanings

Synonyms are grouped by meaning, with each group introduced by a triangle. When the headword has more than one possible meaning, a short text label in green specifies the meaning in question.

Sub-meanings

Every sub-meaning (nuance of meaning or use) is indented under the main meaning and introduced by a bold green bullet ().

Hide/show triangle

Use the triangle to change the way the list of synonyms for each meaning is displayed. It lets you switch between a detailed display, which is practical when you want to thoroughly research the meaning you are seeking, and a summary display, useful for a quickly perusing the various meanings. A similar triangle, in the heading, lets you shrink or expand all the lists at once.

Hyperonyms and hyponyms

Hyperonyms are synonyms with a broader meaning than the headword. For instance, enter the word car and you will see ride, motor car, carriage, automobile, etc., but also the more general transportation, vehicle. Hyperonyms are given under the MORE GENERAL heading, and are indented to the right of a vertical line. A hide/show triangle lets you display or conceal them (the number of hidden hyperonyms is indicated).

Hyponyms are synonyms with a more specific meaning than the headword. For instance, hyponyms of car are cabriolet, roadster, saloon, etc. which are specific types of car. Hyponyms are given under the MORE SPECIFIC heading and are indented to the right of a vertical line. A hide/show triangle lets you display or conceal them (the number of hyponyms hidden is indicated).

A small blue circle with a number indicates either that a hyponym has hyponyms of its own, or that a hyperonym has hyperonyms of its own. Clicking on that circle will reveal these secondary hyponyms (shown with a right-pointing arrow) or hyperonyms (shown with a left-pointing arrow) in a list. The same process can be repeated should any of the newly revealed words have their own hyponyms or hyperonyms, letting you explore the semantic hierarchy and easily find the specific term you are seeking, or expand your knowledge by exploring different semantic families.

Labels

Labels, in small caps, indicate the context in which the synonym is used. Domain labels, in black font, indicate the sector of activity to which the meaning applies (e.g. ASTRONOMY, MUSIC, MEDICINE). Usage labels indicate specific linguistic registers of the meaning (e.g. formality, regionalism). Most usage labels are shown in blue (e.g. INFORMAL, UK, EUPHEMISM). Others, in cases calling for close attention, are displayed in red (e.g. TABOO, SLUR, VULGAR).

Context

The context, in grey and parentheses, is intended to keep you from making a hasty choice, by indicating an important nuance in the meaning of the synonym.

Slash

A slash is used to link hyponyms that are synonymous with each other.

Main morphological sections

Some entries are separated into large divisions when their specific forms have different meanings. The entry for “depart”, for example, is divided into “depart” and “departed”.

Sorting the Synonyms

You can choose between four ways of sorting the synonyms: alphabetically, by relevance, by frequency or by length (number of letters). Sorting options are accessible from the menu bar underneath the main synonyms panel.

Filters

The same menu bar also contains two filters that cause only certain synonyms, hyponyms and hyperonyms to be shown.

The first filter is based on the words’ semantic or expressive strength (strong, weak or neutral). By default it shows everything.

The second filter allows only words without usage or domain labels to be shown. By default it shows everything.

Displaying definitions

The right-hand panel displays the definitions of the synonym selected. With both the synonyms and their definitions at hand, you can efficiently find the most suitable synonym.

When you open the synonyms dictionary or after you have conducted a search, the definitions that appear are those corresponding to the headword. You can then select each synonym in turn, using the mouse or the arrow keys, to quickly display the definition of each synonym.